Stuart, James, Revett, Nicholas, Reveley, Willey, Woods, Joseph, Cockerell, C. R., Kinnard, W., Donaldson, Thomas Leverton, Jenkins, William, Railton, W. The antiqvities of Athens v. 4 London: Printed by J. Haberkorn, 1762-1830.
Image ID: SIL-39088003519543_0139_edit
Original Caption: Parthenon. Pediments. Frieze. From a Drawing made in 1683.
Educational Caption: This engraving, taken from a 1683 drawing, depicts the West pediment decorations of the Parthenon in Athens, Greece. Situated atop the Acropolis in the heart of Athens is considered to be the best example of ancient Greek architecture still existing. The original work was done on the pediments from 438-438 BCE. The Parthenon was the city’s most important temple because it was dedicated to Athena, their patron goddess. The sculptures for the Pediments were particularly hard to sculpt because of the triangular shape of the space. In the West Pediment, Athena and Poseidon are competing to be the patron of Athens. Athena, her head missing in the image, should be holding an olive tree while Poseidon would be holding his trident. While images like this remain of the West Pediment, no image of the complete East Pediment – which written records say showed the birth of Athena – is known to exist; both have been destroyed by weather, looting, and vandalism.