While we may find robes to be warm and cozy garments to wear when we’re relaxing at home, the most widespread garment in Russia, whether you were at home or going out for the day, used to be the robe-like kaftan. The kaftan was mostly worn by the wealthy. The boyars, members of the highest social ranks and second in status only to royalty, were common wearers of the kaftan. Kaftans generally fell to the knee or ankle, and while they were more fitted to the body at the top, the kaftan became broader toward the waist and hemline. The garment could be closed with metal, wood, knotted cord, pearl, or gold buttons. As you can see in the picture, the fabrics used to make kaftans varied. Common people would wear kaftans made of canvas or other heavy cloths. However, the boyars’ kaftans were elaborately made of materials like silk, brocade, and velvet. Imagine wearing a fur-lined robe with a beautiful pattern woven in gold thread—luxurious!