A hat can be good for many things: it can keep the sun out of your eyes, hide a bad hair day, or simply help you make a fashion statement. In 19th century Turkey, hats were a main accessory of a person’s attire and showed a person’s social status. One particular style of hat, the fez, showed that the wearer was of a high social status. Seen on most of the men in the image, a fez is a round, red cap with a tassel on the end. Many versions of the fez in the 1800s were in the form of a bonnet with a white or red turban wrapped around it. The fez was extremely popular at the time and is today considered a traditional hat of the Turkish people. A red fez with a blue tassel was even worn as the standard hat of the Turkish Army! However, the fez has also been the source controversy. When the first president of Turkey took office in the early 1900s he wanted to modernize Turkey and banned wearing fez hats!