Portrait of Michael Faraday from Scientific Identity: Portraits from the Dibner Library of the History of Science and Technology.
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Supplied Caption: Portrait of Michael Faraday
Original Caption: Portrait of Michael Faraday.
Have you ever held a magnet in each hand and felt them draw close to each other? What happens when you flip one over? Does it attract or repel the other magnet? Those are questions that Michael Faraday had. Born in 1791, Faraday was an English chemist and physicist. He discovered benzene, a flammable and toxic liquid used to make gasoline, but he is best known for his work in electricityand magnetism. Faraday built the first electromagnetic motor in 1821. He discovered diamagnetism, which is what happens when an object repels a magnet. Faraday also theorized that all electricity was the same, but that it could occur in greater and lesser intensity. This theory was proven to be correct after his death.
In addition to being an amazing scientist, Faraday was also interested in helping his community. He helped by investigating coal mine explosions, being an advocate for environmentalism, and supporting better public education. He even brought electricity to lighthouses!