Haeckel, Ernst, Bibliographisches Institut (Leipzig, Germany) Kunstformen der Natur Leipzig und Wien: Verlag des Bibliographischen Instituts, 1899-1904.
Image ID: SIL-SIL33-115-25_crop
Original Caption: Nepenthaceae.
This Southeast Asian carnivorous plant does not have teeth. However, it can eat insects, and some varieties of it can even eat mice! Nepenthenes are known commonly as pitcher plants because they have bowl-shaped leaves that collect water. They are also called monkey cups because monkeys, who are too large to be trapped by the plant, have been seen drinking rainwater from the bowls. This rainwater, however, is not how this plant traps its prey. It attracts its prey with a liquid that smells like nectar. After insects are lured inside, they are unable to escape. They fall into the liquid and are digested by the plant over several hours. The plant even has a special leaf-shaped lid that keeps large insects and small animals from getting out. Yikes! That is one tricky, hungry plant!