Cite this: Festival of American Folklife . 1989. 1989 Festival of American Folklife, June 23-27, June 30-July 4 Smithsonian Institution, National Park Service [editor, Frank Proschan]., Washington.D.C. : The Institution.
Original Caption: Chinese passengers sailed to Hawai‘i in 1901 to join thousands of other sugar plantation workers from China, Japan, and Portugal.