Saggi di naturali esperienze fatte nell'Accademia del cimento sotto la protezione del serenissimo principe Leopoldo di Toscana e descritte dal segretario di essa accademia
Per Giuseppe Cocchini all'Insegna della stella, 1666
82. First Academy of Science
This is the first book produced by the very first organization designed for group efforts at scientific investigation, the "Accademia del cimento." The academy was only in existence for ten years (1657-1667) in Florence. The group included such notable figures as Viviani, Borelli, Steno, Redi, and Cassini. This work discusses and illustrates several scientific instruments such as the Florentine thermometer, an improved barometer, and experiments on air pressure, speed of sound, radiant heat, phosphorescence, compressibility of water, and the discovery of the plane of oscillation of a pendulum.